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What is Trade Term?

INCOTERMS 2010 - The INCOTERMS (International Commercial Terms) is a universally recognized set of definitions of international trade terms, defining the respective roles of the buyer and seller in the arrangement of transportation and other responsibilities and clarify when the ownership of the merchandise takes place. They are used in conjunction with a sales agreement or other method of transacting the sale.

TERMS FOR ALL TRANSPORT MODE 

  EXW - Ex Works -- Title and risk pass to buyer including payment of all transportation and insurance cost from the seller's door. Used for any mode of transportation.

  FCA - Free Carrier -- Title and risk pass to buyer including transportation and insurance cost when the seller delivers goods cleared for export to the carrier. Seller is obligated to load the goods on the Buyer's collecting vehicle; it is the Buyer's obligation to receive the Seller's arriving vehicle unloaded.

  CPT - Carriage Paid To -- Title, risk and insurance cost pass to buyer when delivered to carrier by seller who pays transportation cost to destination. Used for any mode of transportation.

  CIP - Carriage and Insurance Paid To --Title and risk pass to buyer when delivered to carrier by seller who pays transportation and insurance cost to destination. Used for any mode of transportation.

  DAT - Delivered At Terminal -- Title and risk pass to buyer when seller delivers and unloads goods at named terminal. Used for any mode of transportation.

  DAP - Delivered At Place -- Title and risk pass to buyer when seller delivers goods to named place ready for unloading. Used for any mode of transportation.

  DDP - Delivered Duty Paid -- Title and risk pass to buyer when seller delivers goods to named destination point cleared for import. Used for any mode of transportation. 

TERMS FOR SEA/INLAND WATERWAY TRANSPORT ONLY 

  FAS - Free Alongside Ship --Title and risk pass to buyer including payment of all transportation and insurance cost once delivered alongside ship by the seller. Used for sea or inland waterway transportation. The export clearance obligation rests with the seller.

  FOB - Free On Board and risk pass to buyer including payment of all transportation and insurance cost once delivered on board the ship by the seller. Used for sea or inland waterway transportation.

  CFR - Cost and Freight -- Title, risk and insurance cost pass to buyer when delivered on board the ship by seller who pays the transportation cost to the destination port. Used for sea or inland waterway transportation.

  CIF - Cost, Insurance and Freight -- Title and risk pass to buyer when delivered on board the ship by seller who pays transportation and insurance cost to destination port. Used for sea or inland waterway transportation. 



Transport Obligations, costs and risks

INCOTERMS

Carriage of Goods

Risks

Costs

EXW

Carriage to be arranged by the buyer

Risk transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods are at the disposal of the buyer

Cost transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods are at the disposal of the buyer

FCA

Carriage to be arranged by the buyer or the seller on the buyer's behalf

Risk transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods have been delivered to the carrier at the named place

Cost transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods have been delivered to the carrier at the named place

CPT

Carriage to be arranged by the seller

Risk transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods have been delivered to the carrier

Cost transfer at port of destination, buyer paying such costs as are not for the seller's account under the contract of carriage

CIP

arrange and insurance to be arranged by the seller

Risk transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods have been delivered to the carrier

Cost transfer at port of destination, buyer paying such costs as are not for the seller's account under the contract of carriage

DAT

Carriage to be arranged by the seller

Risk transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods are delivered and unloaded at terminal

Cost transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods are delivered and unloaded at terminal

DAP

Carriage to be arranged by the seller

Risk transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods are delivered to named place ready for unloading

Cost transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods are delivered at named place ready for unloading

DDP

Carriage to be arranged by the seller

Risk transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods are placed at the disposal of the buyer

Cost transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods are placed at the disposal of the buyer

FAS

Carriage to be arranged by the buyer

Risk transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods have been placed alongside the ship

Cost transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods have been placed alongside the ship

FOB

Carriage to be arranged by the buyer

Risk transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods pass the ship's rail

Cost transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods pass the ship's rail

CFR

Carriage to be arranged by the seller

Risk transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods pass the ship's rail

Cost transfer at port of destination, buyer paying such costs as are not for the seller's account under the contract of carriage

CIF

Carriage and insurance to be arranged by the seller

Risk transfer from the seller to the buyer when the goods pass the ship's rail

Cost transfer at port of destination, buyer paying such costs as are not for the seller's account under the contract of carriage

 

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